Clean Energy, Energy, Fuel

Clean Energy is fundamentally flawed

According to definition of energy; Clean Energy is an absolute gibberish, gobbledygook, nonsense

Definition of energy

Clean is not a physical quantity; clean can’t be measured or expressed in numbers

clean.jpg

measuring physical quantities

There is no definition anywhere for Clean Energy, below is how Ronald M. Dell
Formerly Head of Applied Electrochemistry, Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, UK , & David A. J. Rand CSIRO Energy Technology, Clayton South, Victoria, Australia describe Clean Energy in RSC CLEAN TECHNOLOGY MONOGRAPHS
Clean Energy – ISBN 0-85404-546-5; The Royal Society of Chemistry 2004:

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Burning is an injury & has nothing to do with Fuel or Energy

Burning.jpg

“Energy is a useful PROPERTY http://goo.gl/2Hi7mr” ~ MIT  & Clean Energy is fundamentally flawed

Repeat

1stLaw

3 concepts

EXAMPLE

Fuel Combustion is a process; & burning fuel is an absolute gibberish, gobbledygook, nonsense.

Take a person who is craving for so called “clean energy“, give that person food; sit the person on a bike, & force He or She to generate electric power

bike-diagram-470

Man pushing a bike

Th chemical Energy in the fuel (food) will change into Heat (thermal energy)  & Work Heat defintion.jpg

work.jpg

In generating electric power the person craving for so called “clean energy“, will also produce by-products

Fart.jpg

So listen the person craving for so called “clean energy“: It is absolutely impossible to transcend the laws of nature.

To understand fuel combustion mastery of chemical thermodynamics is required

chemical thermodynamics

So called “Clean Energy” is a series of manufactured products fully dependent on fossil fuel.

Wind turbine manufacturing wholly/solely depends on fossil fuel http://goo.gl/23ncrP

photovoltaic cell manufacturing processes wholly/solely depends on fossil fuel http://goo.gl/DkEeIC


Processes used in production of Photovoltaic cell (wrongly referred to as solar panels) are wholly & solely dependent on using fossil fuels, & have hazardous toxic by-products which have to be disposed of safely.a company like Qatar Solar Technologies (QSTec) can produce 8,000 tonnes per annum Polysilicon for export to the world disguised under false banner of renewable energy using processes listed below which use fossil fuels

Polysilicon Chemical Vapour Deposition –http://goo.gl/GK986m

Trichlorosilane (TCS) synthesis http://goo.gl/14lOVn

Purified trichlorosilane (TCS) production http://goo.gl/NA8Py5

Siemens reactor http://goo.gl/VRE3Ps

Polysilicon product handling http://goo.gl/gZJBpy Chemical Etching in Polysilicon production

http://goo.gl/UJFAfb

Vent Gas Recovery and Converter Polysilicon production

http://goo.gl/a1i6SA

Silicon Tetrachloride (STC) to TCS Polysilicon production

http://goo.gl/5MX9Gv

Polysilicon Process http://goo.gl/KOvDjA

PolySilicon Plant http://goo.gl/ib59x3

All the above URLs are the reference URL to show the extend of industrial operation


From lowering oil price to climate change, to so called “clean energy” propaganda it is all about capital restructuring

capital_s need

See how @BillGates http://goo.gl/sP2WjQ & Italian Mafia http://goo.gl/0tLHK invest in clean energy, the irony is @BillGates also invests $1.4bn in fossil fuel ; but why? Well @BillGates knows: everything depends on fuel; @BillGates knows even fuel depends on fuel.

@BillGates knows life depends on fuel (food) & he knows chemical energy in fuel (food) changes to Heat & Work.

So what is the purpose of so called the “Clean Energy“? “Clean Energy” has one mission & that is : individualised & decentralised electric power generation.

Fuel Crisis 1970 was dampen down by replacing the word Fuel with #Energy  ; & cray for so called “Clean Energy” is the continuation of the mystification of Energy

Anywhere in the World Infrastructure should be nationalised 

 

 

 

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Climate Change, Electric Power, Energy, Fuel, Renewable Energy, Wind Electric Power Generation

Thermodynamics is a branch of physics concerned with Heat & Work

History of thermodynamics

James Joule.jpg

Reason for thermodynamics: #PoliticalEconomy http://goo.gl/0dVsT  of 19 Century & quest for fuel efficiency:

Conversion of Q to W.jpg

Definition of the science of thermodynamics:

Thermo defintion.jpg

The above is also known as “Engineering thermodynamics”.

There is also the “Chemical Thermodynamics”:

chemical thermodynamics.jpg
Thermodynamics is concerned with interactions between  systems:

Interaction.jpg

Thermodynamics is concerned with the “before” & “after” of a process:

Before After in Between.jpg

There are three laws in thermodynamics each covering a specific property:

It's the Law.jpg

Basic terms in thermodynamics:

Thermo terms.jpg

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Energy, Fuel, Renewable Energy, Wind Electric Power Generation

“Renewable Energy” is fundamentally flawed

According to definition of Energy, “Renewable Energy” is an absolute gibberish, gobbledygook, nonsense.

Definition of energy.jpg

Energy is a thermodynamics property. “Renewable Energy” is fundamentally flawed

Repeat

1stLaw.jpg

3 concepts

EXAMPLE

“Renewable Energy” is fundamentally flawed

4th Reich

“Renewable Energy” is fundamentally flawed & mystification of thermodynamics http://goo.gl/ZeImdY 

Renewability not a physical quantity, can’t be measured or expressed in numbers:

Renewability Phsyics

“Renewable Energy” is a series of manufactured products fully dependent on fossil fuel

Wind turbine wholly/solely depends on fossil fuel http://goo.gl/23ncrP

Photovoltaic cell manufacturing processes wholly/solely depends on fossil fuel http://goo.gl/DkEeIC

Mission.jpg

“Renewable Energy” is to Electric Power Generation  is what Motor Car is to Transport

motor car.jpg

“Renewable Energy” & Cars are exacerbating environmental degradation http://goo.gl/YcuoE9

Galon of

From lowering oil price to climate change, to “Clean Energy”, to Green Energy , to renewable  propaganda it is all about capital restructuring

capital_s need

See how @BillGates  http://goo.gl/sP2WjQ & Italian Mafia http://goo.gl/0tLHK invest in renewable energy

The irony is @BillGates also invests $1.4bn in fossil fuel http://goo.gl/xuP8ZC

Why because everything depends on fuel http://goo.gl/8XGhyI. Fuel depends on fuel http://goo.gl/zA7Y8o. Life depends on fuel (food). Chemical Energy in fuel (food) changes to Heat (thermal Energy) & Work

bike-diagram-470Man pushing a bike

WHAT IS ENERGY.jpg

Fuel Crisis 1970 was dampen down by replacing the word Fuel with #Energy http://goo.gl/0cZHrG 

Whoever writes about  “Renewable Energy” is trying to cover up the need for nationalised Infrastructure anywhere in the World http://goo.gl/SD9JG5

Anywhere in the World Infrastructure should be nationalised http://goo.gl/SD9JG5

wholesale electricity.jpg

 

 

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Energy, Fuel, Renewable Energy

How much fuel is used to make a loaf of bread, a wind turbine unit or a photovoltaic cell unit

The production of a consumer product like a loaf of bread; a wind turbine or a photovoltaic cell requires inputs from all the production processes in the host country and, through international trade, from all the production processes in the world. For example a loaf of bread requires:

  • Wheat which has to be milled cooked and transported.
  • Transport requires fuel and vehicles, for which steel, rubber, copper & fuel for fabrication are necessary.
  • Shops and bakeries need bricks, steel, cement, wood and glass; wheat production must have tractors, fertilisers, insecticides etc.

It is clearly impossible to determine the proportion of all the production processes in the world needed to produce a loaf of bread, or any other single product.

Any analysis must be based on a sub-system of the world, a sub-system for which all the inputs and outputs are known. The choice of sub-system is the first crucial step in evaluating a FUEL cost.

Three simple sub-systems of the production of a loaf of bread are shown in Figure 1.

bakery

Figure 1

The first is confined to the bakery and the fuel cost per loaf is the fuel delivered to the bakery divided by the number of loaves produced. The second sub-system includes the baker’s shop. The total Fuel cost is:

Document5

The third sub-system is the entire diagram and includes eight fuel inputs. As the sub-system is made larger the total fuel cost continues to increase. However, in a finite time it is not possible to take into account all the production processes in the world.

A more feasible objective is to follow each network of inputs back from the final product until it is found that the addition of the next input makes an acceptably small difference to the total fuel cost.

The choice of sub-system is one type of problem in evaluating fuel costs. Another is associated with the types of fuel included in the analysis and how these different fuels are added together.

The production and delivery of fossil fuels involves fuel consumption has to be incorporated into the fuel analysis. Producing secondary fuel supplies, such as gas and coke, wastes some of the fuel available in primary fuels. This uses have to be included too.

Most fuel analyses ignore the fuel input in the form of manpower or the calorific value of food. These difficulties are compounded by the various calorific values of different primary fuels and by the special role played by electric power in many industrial system

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Fuel

Energy cannot have Cost, Price, or Bill; Fuel can

FUEL industry

The largest FUEL consuming sector in any economy consists is the FUEL industry itself. In the UK,  in 1974 the five FUEL related industries; coal mining, oil refining, & the production of coke, gas, & electric power generation consumed more than 30% of the total FUEL. i.e. , for every 100 units of FUEL or fuel input to the UK less than 70 units is delivered to a consumer for use.

Fuel Classification

FUELs classified according to the phase in which they are normally handled as shown in the table below.

Primary Fuelsraw fuels Fuel Product Development Stages
1. Upstream 2. Down stream 3. Distribution
Gaseous fuels: chemically the simplest Mining Exploration Production & Transport Gas Purification End user
Liquid fuels: contain more complex molecules Oil refinery
Solid fuels: complicated a molecular Prep & Handling

From the raw state (oil in the ground, coal in the ground etc.) FUELS are developed as an end product in three Stages.  Each stage having; technologies, machineries, plants, equipment, materials; processes, infrastructure (power generation, road hospital etc) & services, (transportation, from the industrial sector etc.); unique to that particular stage & all consuming FUEL.

FUEL analysis

Consider the manufacturing of any  commodity or product as a system; shown in the Figure below:

Sectors

Goal: Apportion the total FUEL input in the form of primary fuels between commodities.

Convention of “FUEL cost conservation” for the system above states:

The sum of all the inputs(xi) times their respective FUEL costs (Fi) should equal the sum of all the outputs (yi) times their respective FUEL costs (Fi) 

Expressed mathematically as:

∑ xi Fi = ∑ yj Fj

inputs                                outputs

 FUEL efficiency

There are three reasons for examining the FUEL efficiency of the fuel industries in more detail:

  1. the fact that the fuel industries are themselves the largest consuming sector offers the chance of reducing the demand for primary FUEL ,supply without adversely affecting the rest of the industrial system;
  2. the FUEL wasted by industries constitutes a major hazard to local, & perhaps global climate. Whatever the limit on the ‘safe’ heat release into the atmosphere it is clearly desirable to minimise the ratio of the ‘heat wasted’ to Electrical Power delivered to consumers;
  3. It is essential to know the FUEL efficiency of individual fuel industries in order to evaluate the FUEL costs of manufactured products or processes. With this information it is possible to compare the total efficiency of two processes which consume, say, one ton of coal or 1000 kWh of electric power generated.

The fuel supply chain

The fuel supply chain can take a complex form of interconnected system with each industry supplying fuel to every other. For example, oil refineries supply fuel to Electric Power Generating stations which supply Electric Power to the oil refinery. An oil refinery may also provide the fuel used by the tankers which deliver crude oil to the refinery.

‘Indirect’ FUEL consumption

The fuel supply chain interactions require a careful method of analysis based on a systems approach. In addition to consuming fuel; the fuel industries also consume large quantities of materials & machines which require FUEL for their production. This ‘indirect’ FUEL consumption must be included in the analysis

Finally, most of the industries produce more than one product as output. It is therefore essential to have an acceptable convention for partitioning the total FUEL costs of the inputs between the different outputs.

Heat Content (calorific value)

In combustion (a process), fuel gives up its chemical energy by a chain of reactions that changes the chemical energy in fuel into thermal energy, measured by the Heat Content (calorific value) for the FUEL used; &  expressed in BTU/lb in Imperial Units; or kJ/kg in SI units.

The Heat Content (calorific value) is defined as:

The Heat Content (calorific value) of a fuel is the standard heat of reaction at constant pressure of the reaction in which the fuel burns completely with oxygen.

The Heat Content (calorific value) of the fuel is The maximum thermal energy which can be extracted

Some of the key features of the common FUELS.

Table of Fules

Evaluating the FUEL cost

In evaluating the FUEL cost of a commodity or product it is the total thermal energy (heat) available which is counted as part of the FUEL cost, not simply that part of the thermal energy (heat) which is utilised.

Not sufficient to consider simply the Heat Content (calorific value) of the FUELS used in a particular process. Account must also be taken of the FUEL expended in making the FUEL available for use. Example:

The mining & transport of coal involve the consumption of fuel, so the total FUEL cost associated with the consumption of a ton of coal is the sum of its Heat Content (calorific value) & the FUEL expended in producing the ton of coal. The sum is called the FUEL cost of coal.

 Any analysis has to evaluate the FUEL costs of fuels as delivered to industrial or domestic consumers

FUEL costs nuclear fuels:

There is no generally acknowledged Heat Content (calorific value) for a nuclear fuel, &  various authors count this input in different ways. The nuclear input is given an FUEL cost equal to the heat generated in the nuclear reactor. This is compatible with using the Heat Content (calorific value) of FUELS since, in principle; the heat from a nuclear reactor could be substituted for the heat obtained by burning coal.

FUEL costs for  hydro-electric power generation

the FUEL cost is taken as the Electric Power Generated  output since this is the heat equivalent.  In practice hydro-electric power generation installations are between 80% and 90% efficient at converting mechanical energy into electric-power. However when; adding  the FUEL costs for Engineering, Procurement, Construction, Commissioning; & hand over phases of a hydro-electric power generating unit project; the assessed efficiency of 80% and 90% drops considerably, for example taking into account the FUEL costs for materials like Cement, reinforced bars;  reinforced concrete, etc. etc. will put up the total FUEL costs. 

 

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